The two main types of goals set are:
- Short Term Goals
- Long Term Goals
Yeah, they’re as self explanatory as they sound. Long term goals will be seen as the main aim and of what you’re trying to achieve e.g., lose 2 stone in 6 months, the short term goals are the ever changing mini targets which will help you achieve your long term goal e.g. lose 4 pounds in the first two week of exercise, join a gym etc.
As mentioned in the article ‘Importance Of Goal Setting’ it is absolutely vital that the goals set are sensible, realistic and achievable. Short term goals are effective as they ensure that the person always has something new to aim for, as soon as the target is reached there will then be something different to aim for, this has a great influence of maintaining and enhancing your motivation. It is difficult to just set a long term goal as you could just think ‘ah bugger it .. i’ll start in a few weeks’. The short term goals will have you on your toes constantly having something to aim for.
Goals can be set for anything:
- Getting up in the morning
- Exercising 3-5 times a week
- Join the gym
- Include more protein in your diet
There are other types of goals which I will quickly touch upon these are:
- Outcome Goals – the result is the main focus e.g. doing more press ups than the person next to you in a fitness test.
- Process Goals – focusing on a specific aspect of performance e.g. go down as far as possible during a press up.
- Performance Goals – are focused mainly on things such as duration and intensity e.g. running for twenty minutes.
- Task Goals – based on learning, trying hard, personal improvement and mastering the skill you are trying to do.
- Ego Goals – more focus on beating others and being viewed as more successful than others.
I would recommend to focus on task orientated goals rather than ego orientated goals, remember that you exercise for you, you’re trying to lose weight or get fitter so it has a positive effect on your life. It doesn’t matter if your friends are losing more weight than you or performing the activities better than you, this is all about personal development.
Hopefully this article will have given you an insight into the reasoning behind using goals as an effective tool in your fitness program, as well as explaining which goals are right for you. So have a good think about what your goals are and away you go.